The Ingredients I NEVER Use in Baking - Handle the Heat
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The Ingredients I NEVER Use in Baking

March 12th, 2020

The Ingredients I NEVER Use in Baking may surprise you! Find out the weird reasons why I avoid certain ingredients because they tend to ruin your baking results.

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The idea to write this article came about when chatting with a friend who doesn’t bake from scratch often.

She was sharing with me some of her baking challenges and I realized she was using ingredients and equipment I would never use. And they were setting her up for failure and frustration.

So I thought I’d round up some of the ingredients I avoid in my baking and the reasons WHY to give you simple and maybe unexpected insights into the sweet science of baking.


I kind of hate shortening.

It’s butter’s greasy, bland, and weird manufactured cousin.

Shortening’s lack of flavor and high melting point is what steers me away from using it 90% of the time.

Butter is so wonderful because of its incredible taste. Part of the reason it’s so enjoyable to eat something with a lot of butter is because its melting point is around human body temperature (95°F). It gives literal meaning to the idea of something “melting in your mouth.”

Shortening, on the other hand, has a higher melting point at about 120°F. This can leave behind what feels like a greasy film or residue on your palette.

Yes, it can also make shortening easier to work with in pastry applications since the dough won’t warm up as quickly. But it also doesn’t offer the same benefits of butter in SO many other ways. Just take a look at the examples below to get a quick insight.

Butter vs shortening in pie crust

Pie crust made with butter is flavorful and flaky. Pie crust made with shortening is flat and crumbly.

How to Make Biscuits Butter vs. Shortening

Biscuits made with shortening are more pale and crumbly.

Bottom line? Butter all the way.

Learn more about Butter vs. Shortening here.

DIY Buttermilk

Simply put? DIY Buttermilk made by combining milk with an acid (vinegar or lemon juice usually) is *not* the same thing as actual buttermilk. The taste and texture this substitute offers usually falls very short of the real thing.

This is especially true in recipes where buttermilk plays a starring role, such as biscuits or pancakes. I can’t remember the last time I used a DIY buttermilk substitution instead of just adding buttermilk to my shopping list.

You can learn more about Buttermilk and see my experiments with different substitutes here.

DIY Cake Flour *or* Unbleached Cake Flour

This is really two different ingredients but I’m categorizing it into one to keep things simple.

DIY Cake Flour, in my opinion, is one of the biggest scams of all baking substitutions. It’s not even close to the real thing and since flour is literally the structural backbone of whatever you’re baking, it truly matters.

Real cake flour is harvested from a very specific type of wheat variety and processed in a very specific way.

Adding cornstarch and sifting all-purpose flour does not get you the same result:

Diving into Cake Flour 101 - A fun visual guide to cake flour including what it is, how to substitute, and side-by-side comparisons so you can see how it works in action!

So if you’re following a recipe that uses cake flour, I always insist you use the real thing.

But that opens another question… Do you use bleached or unbleached cake flour?

The answer is BLEACHED.

Now I know that may not sound particularly appealing in a food product (but in reality it’s not that different from the processes used to filter your bottled water).

This one factor in this one ingredient makes a world of difference in the science of your baking. If you’ve ever had a cake, particularly a delicate one like angel food cake, come out flat and wrong, it may be because you made the mistake of using unbleached cake flour.

The bleaching process further weakens the proteins in cake flour (which are already weak due to the variety of wheat used) which prohibits gluten formation. This leads to a more soft and tender texture. Bleached flours generally soak up more water and produce thicker batters to allow cakes to rise taller and more evenly.

Learn more about Cake Flour here.

Farmer’s Market Eggs

I love the farmer’s market. I go almost every weekend.

I love to cook breakfast with fresh eggs from the local farms.

But I never use farmer’s market eggs or local ungraded eggs in my baking. Unless I weigh them first.

Why? The size of your egg can make a huge impact in your baking.

TIP: when it comes to brown eggs vs. white eggs, there’s virtually no difference.

In most modern recipes large eggs are called for. Whatever size egg the recipe calls for, use that specific size.

The difference between small eggs and extra large eggs can be a 50% difference! So if you use farmer’s market eggs or eggs from your chicken coop without weighing them first to see what USDA size they fall under, the entire structure and chemistry of your recipe could be negatively affected.

Salted Butter

I only ever use unsalted butter in my baking.

The primary reason? There’s no federal mandate about how much salt brands put in salted butter. Some brands can be nearly twice as salty as others, giving you no control over the final salt content in a recipe.

There are other reasons, which you can read about in my post on Salted vs. Unsalted butter here.

Iodized table salt

When I’m baking, I like to use fine sea salt. It dissolves into a batter or dough nicely (unlike kosher salt) and has a pleasant taste.

Iodized table salt tastes awful. If you don’t believe, do a side-by-side taste test… then toss your iodized table salt and use fine sea salt instead.

Sugar substitutes

Sugar does a lot more than simply sweeten foods. It’s responsible for a number of chemical reactions in baking and actually helps contribute moisture to baked goods.

Replacing the sugar called for in a recipe with something like honey or maple syrup will completely alter the moisture level of the batter or dough… among other things.

Low cal sugar substitutes (like Truvia), on the other hand, often lend dry, crumbly, hard, textures and off flavors. King Arthur Flour recently posted a great article comparing sugar alternatives here.

I firmly believe dessert should be an indulgence, which is why I almost exclusively use real butter, sugar, and flour.

Obviously some people have food allergies or medical diagnoses to contend with, and for those people my website is simply not the right place because there’s so many other bloggers creating amazing content for those needs.

“Natural” Peanut Butter

When I say “natural,” I’m referring to peanut butter products that just contain roasted ground peanuts (and maybe salt). Basically any peanut butter that doesn’t contain added palm or hydrogenated oil. At the very least there needs to be some kind of added oil.

These natural peanut butter products simply don’t work well in baking. The naturally occurring oil in the peanut separates from the mix and makes it difficult to use in a recipe. It also creates a more dry and crumbly texture in baking without that additional fat.

Conventional peanut butter is the only kind I use inside a recipe.


At the end of the day, baking truly is a science. And that knowledge can be empowering instead of intimidating. Because if you take the time and attention to go one step further than a lot of people when the bake from scratch, your results will be consistently more amazing.

This is exactly why I hate baking substitutions and have recently enacted a “no sub” policy here at Handle the Heat.

You can do whatever you want with my recipes, but I create them using specific ingredients for very specific reasons. It’s often a painstaking process to develop a new recipe and when changes are made to my recipes, I simply can’t guarantee the results will be as good.

Now I’m curious to hear from you… what ingredients do you avoid in baking??

Tessa Arias
Author: Tessa Arias

I share trusted baking recipes your friends will LOVE alongside insights into the science of sweets. I'm a professionally trained chef, cookbook author, and cookie queen. I love to write about all things sweet, carb-y, and homemade. I live in Phoenix, Arizona (hence the blog name!)

Tessa Arias

About Tessa...

I share trusted baking recipes your friends will LOVE alongside insights into the science of sweets. I'm a professionally trained chef, cookbook author, and cookie queen. I love to write about all things sweet, carb-y, and homemade. I live in Phoenix, Arizona (hence the blog name!)

Find Tessa on  

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  1. #
    Laura — April 18, 2023 at 7:41 am

    Since I don’t often use buttermilk, buying a full container means most of it goes to waste. I have started using dry powdered buttermilk in my baking and it seems okay. What do you think of this substitute? And can I freeze buttermilk?

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — April 19, 2023 at 9:50 am

      Hi Laura! Tessa has a whole article dedicated to answering your questions – check it out here! Spoiler alert: yes, you can freeze buttermilk!

  2. #
    Suzanne Gmirek — November 1, 2022 at 8:02 am

    Excellent article…as always. And, as always, thanks!

  3. #
    Dee Dee — October 29, 2022 at 10:11 am

    Thank you for your excellent information, tips, and recipes. I really appreciate that you educate the reader.
    I have a question about brown sugar, specifically dark brown sugar versus light brown sugar. I read someplace that dark brown sugar contains more molasses than light brown. My how do the different browns affect recipes?

    Thank you very much.
    Dee Dee

    • #
      Kiersten @ Handle the Heat — October 31, 2022 at 1:33 pm

      Hi Dee Dee! You’re right, the difference between light and dark brown sugar is the amount of molasses in the sugar. Dark brown sugar contains almost twice as much molasses as light brown sugar, which means that dark brown sugar gives baked goods a richer, deeper, more caramel-y, butterscotch-y flavor. The amount of molasses contained in the sugars also means they will contribute a different level of moisture to a recipe. My recommendation is to stick with the recipe as written the first time, and if you wish to experiment from there the next time, you can experiment as you like! I hope that answers your question! Happy baking 🙂

      • #
        Dee Dee — October 31, 2022 at 1:53 pm

        Hi Kiersten.
        Thank you very much. Yes, it does answer my question.
        Dee Dee

  4. #
    Teresa — October 11, 2022 at 8:48 pm

    I agree with everything wholeheartedly other than the eggs, I always use eggs from our chickens and I just pick out the right size that I need for the recipe, works great. I don’t use store-bought eggs for any reason whatsoever and hope I never have to. But the rest of your tips, perfect! 🙂 🙂

  5. #
    Shea Mask — January 18, 2022 at 7:53 am

    I am loving all of your articles. I just started following and joined your FB and entered my first challenge. So I am caching up on all this information. Could you tell me your thoughts on Self Rising Flour, I have always used it, but I do know most recipes call for AP. I know the difference but what are your thoughts on using it. Just curious.

    • #
      Emily — January 21, 2022 at 10:56 am

      Welcome! We’re so happy to have you here 🙂 Excited that you joined your first challenge too, so fun! Tessa doesn’t normally use self-rising flour. She prefers the customization and flexibility to make her own mixup of ingredients (flour and leavener/salt) so she doesn’t have to rely on whatever the manufacturer made in their container of self-rising flour. I hope that helps!

      • #
        Shea Mask — January 21, 2022 at 11:10 am

        Thank you for the reply. That makes perfect sense.

  6. #
    Rickie Kerckhoff — October 3, 2021 at 9:51 am

    Great helpful information! Thank you!

  7. #
    Maria Wheeler — August 31, 2021 at 1:39 pm

    When should you sift all purpose flour for baking? How does sifting affect baked goods?

    • #
      Emily — September 1, 2021 at 4:35 pm

      Hi Maria! Unless the recipe you’re making specifically calls for sifting the all-purpose flour, the only time we actually sift flour is when we’re making a recipe with cake flour, otherwise using a whisk to mix the flour will work perfectly fine 🙂 Cake flour is a flour that can get really clumpy, so we always recommend sifting it. Hope that helps!

  8. #
    Mike Sr — July 12, 2021 at 9:01 am

    I am a follower of your blog and have made several of your recipes. I applaud your stand on following recipes as written and what ingredients to use and which ones to stay away from. I can say your way works 100% of the time. Although there are so many other factors that contribute to successful results in baking your choice of ingredients is number one!

    • #
      Tessa — July 12, 2021 at 3:46 pm

      Thank you for your kind comment, Mike! I’m so happy to hear that 🙂

  9. #
    Rose — July 11, 2021 at 3:13 am

    Hi, I love all your tips and tricks. I live in Puerto Rico and I do not find buttermilk. What can I use?
    Also, I’m into gluten free baking. Part of my family can’t use gluten. Any tips and tricks for gluten free baking?

    • #
      Tessa — July 12, 2021 at 3:34 pm

      As noted on our Contact Us page, Handle the Heat follows a No Substitution Question Policy. I do not publish allergen-free recipes.

      We do have a few seasoned readers in our free Facebook community who like to share the results of their allergen-free or special dietary baking. You’re welcome to join the Facebook group to ask for their recommendations, but also so you can see their tips and posts; otherwise, the best suggestion I have is to search online for gluten-free recipe bloggers. There are plenty of bloggers and publishers online who have far more expertise in that area. That way you’re not having to guess with substitutions and can be assured your outcome will turn out the same as the recipe

  10. #
    Dorian Miller — May 11, 2021 at 9:14 am

    Yes, yes, and yes!!! To all the above bad habits and substitutions! Keep preaching, girl! I don’t have the training you have but am a 50+ year baker. I do enjoy America’s Test Kitchen and their publications. I recently came across your posts on IG. I have tried a couple with excellent results. Thank you!
    btw, I am known as the “Cookie Queen” locally 🙂
    North Carolina

    • #
      Tessa — May 11, 2021 at 9:49 am

      So wonderful to meet you, Dorian! It sounds like you have plenty of experience if you’re called the Cookie Queen! 🙂 Thank you so much for your sweet comment! Also, if you haven’t already, I’d love for you to join our private Facebook community! It’s full of wonderful bakers like yourself, and everyone has a lot of fun posting pictures of things they’ve made as well as it just being a safe and caring place to ask any baking questions 🙂 Here is the link: Hope to see you there!

  11. #
    Natalie — April 1, 2021 at 10:17 am

    My question is about Vanilla, what does pure vanilla mean, over baking vanilla, and if it call for vanilla bean that is unavailable for me, what is the ratio bean to teaspoons?

    I made your thin crispy chocolate chip cookie FANTASTIC
    thank you. Natalie

  12. #
    Karalee Wensel — February 14, 2021 at 12:08 pm

    I teach foods at the high school level – residential kitchens. I agree on most of these topics, but never say never. My students bake with salted butter, because that’s what most people have in their homes. They will never use margarine in my kitchens. They’ve discovered the difference when cooking at home. If the recipe calls for unsalted, then know to decrease 1/4 tsp per 1/2 cup. Buttermilk is not often found in most homes and impacts the food budget. We substitute if we must. It’s better than buying a quart when you only need 1/2 c.
    I do plan to have them experiment with the different chocolate chip cookie versions. This sounds like fun. Thanks for your work.

  13. #
    Tessa — February 2, 2021 at 11:34 am

    So glad you enjoyed this article! And feel the same way 😉

  14. #
    Helen — September 26, 2020 at 8:22 am

    Ok you say shortening verses butter. Are you talking margerine??

  15. #
    Marcie(Marcia M.) Medof — August 29, 2020 at 10:22 am

    Hello Tessa. I found this article very interesting. Thank you.

    I am a 71 year-old woman, born and raised in the greater Los Angeles area. I have been baking most of my life—cookies, cakes, pies, tarts, etc.—just a home baker, it a pro like you!

    I have to weigh in on one point you made in re: Unsalted vs Salted Butter—

    I only use salted butter when baking my chocolate chip cookies(to which I add toasted pecans). Have always done so, and friends and family rave!!! They cannot figure out what makes mine extra specially delish!
    The salt the recipe calls for, combined with the salt in the butter, gives the cookie an extra kick—like salted caramel!!! Absolutely delectable. Although I have made them with unsalted butter, those with unsalted do not compare! If you haven’t tried it, you ought to. It might change your mind.

  16. #
    Kim — August 11, 2020 at 9:51 am

    We don’t get cake flour in Scotland we can only use DIY ☹️

  17. #
    Monica — July 26, 2020 at 8:55 pm

    Hi Tessa!
    I poked around a bit before asking here, but was wondering if you have posted (or considered posting) a list of baking ingredients you always have on hand?
    I am looking to bake more and expand on what I make, but I usually only keep the basics (AP flour, self-rising flour, cake flour, baking soda, baking powder, salt, white & brown sugar, vanilla & almond extracts, cocoa powder, baking chocolate).
    What other kinds of things would you recommend I keep in my baking cabinet?
    For instance, I saw ‘envelope of powdered gelatin’ on one ingredient list, is that something that’s considered a staple?
    There’s nothing I love more than seeing a fun, new recipe and realizing I already have everything I need!

    Thank you for any guidance you can offer! <3

  18. #
    Sienna — March 25, 2020 at 5:18 pm

    Hi, I’m one of your followers from Philippines, here in our area buttermilk in not available, what are we going to use if you dont recommend using diy buttermilk, most of your recipes uses buttermilk.

  19. #
    Chef Rocha — March 17, 2020 at 3:04 am

    I’ve been using unbleached AP flour for years, will have to experiment with the bleached type. Rarely use cake flour due to the expense.

    Sugar? Only use pure Cane sugar A package that just says granulated sugar is most likely from beets, not sugarcane.

    The only thing I’ve stopped using is pure vanilla extract. I now use a coconut liqour from Kaua’i. It makes such a remarkable difference…try it!

  20. #
    Wendy — March 13, 2020 at 7:33 pm

    I completely agree with all of these!

  21. #
    Toni — March 13, 2020 at 11:37 am

    Artificial vanilla! No thanks.

  22. #
    Floranet — March 13, 2020 at 3:54 am

    Brilliant Concept!! Keep up the Good Work!!

  23. #
    FD — March 13, 2020 at 2:45 am

    Pure buttermilk and kosher salt are not always available in my country so I can’t really agree with you.

  24. #
    Them — March 12, 2020 at 5:54 pm

    Sorry, but most of this is nonsense. You hate shortening but exclusively use peanut butter with palm or hydrogenated oil..? Mmkay..

  25. #
    Leigh B — March 12, 2020 at 4:39 pm

    You are spot on about eggs. We have hens of various ages and breeds and no two eggs weigh the same.

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